According to a survey by Open Source Testing, nearly 37% have started incorporating a test automation framework into their Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery(CI/CD) procedure. All because it efficiently helps the developers determine whether the latest code alteration broke any application element after its deployment. In addition, the survey also revealed that 75% of organizational projects could use a test automation framework at least twice a week when combined with multiple testers performing test automation with each sprint.
In 2022, this number is increasing with the rising technological advancements and automation deployment. Naturally, this incites the curiosity to learn about the best test automation frameworks available today. So, without any further ado, let’s see what exactly is a test automation framework followed by its types and the top automation testing frameworks of 2022.
Test automation frameworks are a comprehensive collection of information, tools, and techniques that enable testers to automate their testing procedure. It simplifies the test development and execution phase of the process. A suitable test automation framework offers the environment for generating successful testing plans and retrieving repeatable results. There are ample special tools that help you build a definitive test framework.
These tools provided by an automation test framework such as a test runner, action recording tool, or web testing tool eliminate your grind of building a test script from scratch and offer you more time to run quality checks. This is why using a test automation framework is a verified and cost-effective strategy to improve software development. Thus, selecting the best test automation framework can aid your test results and provide satisfactory QA timeframes.
A significant evolution has been witnessed in the types of automation testing frameworks in recent years. Given below are the most important type of automation frameworks-
Based on the idea of record and playback mode, as the name suggests, the linear scripting testing framework is harnessed in a linear manner. With this scripting-oriented framework, the script is created and executed individually and can serve as an effective testing method for an organization.
This type of testing framework is based on the concept of abstraction. Autonomous scripts are created to test software through this module-based framework. An abstraction layer is specifically developed to remove the elements from the application under test.
Another type of testing automation framework is hybrid testing. It is an integration of modular, data-driven, and keyword automation test frameworks. As a hybrid framework, it has been established to combine many kinds of end-to-end testing approaches.
Test-driven development is a testing automation framework that uses automated unit tests to steer software design and disconnects it from any dependences. Traditional testing could find one or more errors only; however, employing TDD can increase the testing speed and improve the chances of the system meeting the requirements, working more efficiently compared to traditional testing.
The rapidly increasing demand for automation testing frameworks has made the market evolve them efficiently. So, here we present some of the best test automation frameworks available in 2022 that can help you boost your testing game.
After 16 years of being established in the market, Selenium has gained an impressive reputation in the testing community. It quickly expanded into four components because of its increasing demand by companies and people. This browser automation testing framework has five essential components-
Key characteristics of Selenium
Based on Node.js and being open-source, WebdriverIO helps testers run Selenium automation testing with it on the local system or incorporate them with cloud-based solutions such as LambdaTest. Although the WebdriverIO is a recent addition to the open-source community, it has accumulated a large gathering of GitHub users and an impressive GitHub star and fork rating.
Key characteristics of WebdriverIO
Key characteristics of Cypress
This automation testing framework is an iOS native application that operates on the application’s user interface with its automation testing abilities. EarlGrey functions with the XCUITest framework and requires tests written in Objective-C or Swift. It is in its 2.2.1 version, and the recent version operates with XCUITest and unlocks exciting synchronization features for testers who work on iOS applications.
Key characteristics of EarlGrey
Also Read – 8 Best Hybrid App Development Frameworks
Appium is a trendy framework for testing native, hybrid, and mobile web applications. This open-source software is easy to integrate with your favorite tools and frameworks. Appium is particularly useful for native mobile application development as iOS simulators and Android emulators allow cross-platform compatibility, saving your time and money.
Key characteristics of Appium
Being an open-source library, Serenity or Serenity BDD is used for writing regression and acceptance tests. The main highlight of Serenity is its detailed and comprehensive reports. They even notify what requirements have been satisfied with the written automation tests along with telling about the passing or failing of the tests. Serenity is a Java-based testing automation framework but also contains a JS version called SerenityJS for front-end developers, making it top the list of best test automation frameworks.
Key characteristics of Serenity
Cucumber also hangs with the best test automation frameworks that employ the BDD language to complete automation tests. BDD tests correspond to the English language, where testers have to write English sentences rather than calling out the syntax or command. However, this is transformed into pure code in the background. Initially conceived for the Ruby programming language, Cucumber now supports various languages for Selenium automation testing. Moreover, testers can further leverage some of the Cucumber best practices to gain the best out of the framework.
Key characteristics of Cucumber
We have discussed some of the best test automation frameworks in this comprehensive article. However, remember that all of them have differential testing capabilities. Some provide excellent API testing, while some preserve layout anomalies. Hence, it is recommendable to go through the testing framework carefully to fully understand about it benefits of automation testing structure & process and its progress in the same.